The first signs of brain tumour usually resemble fatigue, depression and anxiety disorder. When one complains of headaches, insomnia and loss of attention, the doctor may advise that you take a time off rather than perform an MRI especially when you are young. For this reason, the disease may not be diagnosed in its early stages.
The first symptoms of tumours
The first sign sand symptoms of the disease are not usually as clear as they are just like many other diseases. They include:
- Nausea. It will be present regardless of the time you ate. Unlike food poisoning, it does not improve.
- Severe headache, that increases when you move and it weakens when you are an upright position.
- Convulsions and epileptic seizures.
- Impaired attention and memory loss.
A combination of these symptoms is a sign of brain tumour. However, there is apossibility that they may appear due to other reasons indeoendtly of each other, but it is rare.
It is at this stage that the tumour may be cured but unfortunately most people take these symptoms lightly.
The first general symptoms of the tumour
The onset of the second stage is characterized by excitation of brain membranes and an increase in intracranial pressure. This will cause general changes.
During such a time treatment will be successful, but it may take longer periods as it is more difficult. The symptoms in the second stage cannot be confused with symptoms of other diseases. They include:
- Sensitivity is lost in certain parts of the body
- Sudden dizziness happens
- Weaken muscles, more often on one side of the body
- Strong fatigue and drowsiness is heaped
- Double in the eyes
At the same time the general well-being changes and morning nausea continues. These symptoms are manifested in the patient regardless of where the brain tumour is located.
However, the symptoms may still be confused with other conditions such as epilepsy, neuropathy or hypotension. Therefore, if you have these symptoms don’t panic, but ensure you go to the doctor as the symptoms are not a joke.
If the general symptoms appear due to damage of the entire brain and they affect the well-being of the body, the focal depends on the location of the lesion. Depending on the location of the tumour, different parts will be affected and this means that the symptoms of the disease may vary. Some of them are:
- Impaired sensitivity and numbness of certain parts of the body
- Partial or complete loss of hearing or vision
- Memory impairment, confusion
- Changing intelligence and self-awareness
- Speech confusion
- Hormonal background disorder
- Frequent mood change
- Hallucinations, irritability and aggression
The symptoms will indicate the part of the brain that the tumour is located. Hence, paralysis and convulsions are typical for the lesions of the frontal lobes as well as loss of vison and hallucinations – occipious. The affected cerebellum will cause a disorder of the fine motor skills and coordination. The tumour located in the temporal lobe will result to loss of hearing, memory loss and epilepsy.
Diagnosis in case of suspected brain tumor
The presence of a tumour can be detected indirectly using a general or biochemical blood test. However, if there are suspicions of growth, more accurate analyses and studies should be performed, which may include:
- Electroencephalography will show the presence of tumours and hotbeds of convulsive activity of the cerebral cortex.
- MRI of the brain will show hotbeds of inflammation, vascular condition and the smallest structural changes of the brain.
- CT scan of the brain, especially with the use of contrast fluid, will help to determine the limits of the lesion.
- Analysis of the liquor, which are fluids from the ventricles of the brain, will show the amount of protein, cell composition and acidity.
- Study of cerebral fluid for the presence of cancer cells.
- A biopsy of the tumour will help to understand whether it is a benign or malignant tumour.
When to sound the alarm?
The first signs of a tumour can be experienced even by very healthy people, thus they should not be ignored but there is also no reason to panic ahead of time. You should visit the doctor especially if you have:
- all the early symptoms of growth (fatigue, headache, etc.)
- had a traumatic brain injury or stroke
- relatives who have suffered from cancer
During the examination, you can be referred to a neurologist who will analyse the presence of a tumour. An ophthalmologist will check the intracranial pressure while the endocrinologist will perform a blood test to check the hormones. An attentive doctor will pay attention to speech and coordination. It is therefore advisable that you visit a neurologist and ensure that you take a healthy diet so that the disease does not develop further.