There are many causes for pain in the elbow joint. It may be due to injury from sports and complication as a result of common diseases such as arthritis or osteochondrosis. Blockage of the elbow joint will help in getting rid of the most acute bout of pain and avoid other complications.
What is a therapeutic blockage?
This is a type of joint treatment that involves injecting medicine directly into the affected areas. The doctor can inject different parts of the affected joint, the surrounding muscles as well as the bone tissue. It al depends on the location of the main damage.
Blockage is a new method of treatment that is easier than surgery and it is effective than ointments and medicines that are ingested. It performs two main functions:
- Reducing the symptoms of pain.
- Provides therapeutic impact on the damaged area.
As a result off ths method, the joint can have maximum concentration of the active substances which provides quick results.
When the elbow blockage is applied
The blockade can be used to stop elbow pain in a variety of cases:
- Elbow injuries such as dislocations, fractures, bone displacement, severe sprains or ruptures of muscles and tendons.
- Destruction of joints due to high load for instance epicondylitis (“tennis syndrome”) and tendonitis.
- Inflammation of the elbow joint, synovitis and bursitis.
- Osteoarthritis and arthritis of different kinds.
If the pain is caused by diseases of the spine, performing a blockage in the joint of the elbow will only relive the pain temporarily. Therefore, before performing the procedure the doctor must evaluate the cause of the pain that may include the following tests:
- General blood test – It will give basic information about the current state of the body.
- Analysis of synovial fluid – Its result will tell more about the pathological process in the joint.
- Joint X-rays – For detecting bone diseases.
- Computer or magnetic resonance imaging of the elbow joint -This is the best examination to determine the condition of joints and surrounding soft tissues.
It is only after a full examination and diagnosis that the specialist can prescribe performance of a blockage in the elbow joint. This is because there might be drug that will cure the disease. However, if the pain is unbearable, blockage using anaesthesia can be used without the need to perform other tests. This will assist in relieving symptoms and restore the functioning of the joint.
How does the therapeutic blockage of the joints work?
If the elbow is blocked, the drug will be injected directly into the damaged joint as this will allow it to have effect on the body immediately. For this reason, it is usually prescribed in cases where regular methods of treatment have not yielded any results.
Depending on the location of the injection, the blockage of the elbow joint is divided into:
- Periarticular: This is where the drug is injected into the soft tissues surrounding the joint.
Anaesthetics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used during the blockage, which all depends on the damage and the cause of pain.
The composition of the blockage is divided into two groups: single-component and multi-component. The former includes use of painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs while the latter helps in getting rid of inflammation and reduce the symptoms of pain.
Discomfort during the blockage is relived almost instantly, just a few seconds after the introduction of the anaesthetics. To get rid of acute pain, for instance after a fracture of the elbow or rapture of the tendons, the blockage is done once. For the treatment of osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis, the doctor can perform several injections.
Despite the full capacity and the mobility, you should handle the affected joint with care after performance of the blockage. This may be difficult if the most active hand is the one affected. Excessive load will cause more destructions on the joint and this can bring about more bouts of pain and serious complications hence decreasing the chances of recovery.
Contradictions and complications
Despite the apparent simplicity of the procedure, it should be done in the following cases:
- Deformity of the elbow joint due to stage 4 osteoarthritis.
- Meningitis, encephalitis and other diseases of the central nervous system.
- Blood clotting disorders.
- Infectious diseases in acute form.
- High concentration of alcohol in the blood.
- Joint injuries such as wounds, cuts and abrasions.
- Children under the age of 12.
Relative contraception – diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. This is because glucocorticosteroid hormones that are found in the anti-inflammatory drugs interrupt the working of the stomachs, kidneys and intestines.
Complications that arise form the blockage are rare. However, there may be allergic reactions to the drug such as rashes, redness and in extremely rare cases anaphylactic shock and swelling of Kwinke. Some patients may have bruises on the site of injection. There can also be an infection which may cause serious inflammatory processes. However, both pathogenic bacteria and mechanical damage to the joint after the blockage are uncommon. Toxic complications may be due to a wrong amount of drug injected into the lumen of blood vessels. To avoid this, it is ideal that the procedure is performed by a qualified doctor who will administer the injection correctly.
Despite all the side effects of therapeutic blockage, it is one of the best methods of stopping inflammatory processes in the elbow and in any other joint. For successful treatment you should ensure that the diagnosis is correct and there are no limitations and always consult a professional doctor. A procedure that is well conducted will relieve you of pain and speed up the process of joint recovery.