While some diseases only affect a person for a few days, others can significantly undermine health and negatively affect life expectancy. A disease can only be prevented upon early detection. To do this, you should lead a healthy lifestyle and regularly go for check-ups.
The right way of life
Even if you have poor heredity, you can try and reduce the risk of disease. Aside proper proper nutrition, you should exercise, have enough sleep and follow these simple tips:
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene
- Get rid of bad habits
- Keep the house clean, ventilate often and moisturize the air indoors
- Dress up for the weather
- Organize the workplace correctly so that it is comfortable to sit
- Avoid stress
Such habits are useful if you want to improve your well-being and your daily performance. Taking a shower daily and washing your hands will prevent attack by infections.
In addition to these personal preventive measures, it is important that you monitor your health by visiting a specialist. You can do this by:
- undergoing regular preventive medical examinations (especially if you know of any diseases)
- Making routine vaccinations.
Under the control of doctors
Regular medical check-ups are important if you want to prevent disease. Even if you are feeling well, you still need to visit a doctor to ensure that there is no underlying condition. Many people are usually scared of visiting the doctor because they fear getting a terrible diagnosis. However, remember that prevention is better than cure, especially f the disease is in its early stages.
If the you know of the diseases, you will probably know which specialist to visit. You should go for the doctor’s consultation at least once a year and undergo test such as MRI, blood biochemistry, hormone analysis, among others.
If you think you are healthy, then there is no reason to go for an examination. Depending on the program, check-up may include tests, ultrasound examinations of abdominal and pelvic organs, taking of vascular images, chest scans and consultations with specialists. In between large examinations you can choose to take a blood test, fluorography and visit a therapist.
There are several tests that will be done to monitor your health and prevent illness. They are only recommended by a qualified doctor and they include:
- Blood studies: General and biochemical tests, cholesterol, ALT, ACT, TSH, coagulogram. You can additionally do tests on cancer markers.
- Urine research: General and biochemical analysis.
- Smears on oncomarkers and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Gynaecologist and mammologist for women
- Urologist and proctologist for men.
You should also regularly visit the dentist so as to avoid tooth aches and other infections of the mouth and larynx.