Joint pain: 8 main causes and what to do


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Joint pain is usually not a sign of a serious problem and therefore it can be treated at home with the application of a hot compress on the affected site. However, joint pain can also be a sign of serious problems like arthritis or tendinitis. Therefore, the symptoms should be evaluated by an orthopaedist or physiotherapist so as to start proper treatment.

For this reason, whenever the pain experienced in the joints is very intense and it takes more than a month without getting any relief or it results to some type of deformation then it is important to consult with a doctor who will diagnose the problems and prescribe the most appropriate treatment.

1. Arthritis

Arthritis is the main cause of joint pain and it is due to excess weight, trauma and natural joint wear. It leads to the appearance of various signs and symptoms such as pain, difficulty in performing any kind of movements using the affected joint of deformity.

What to do: To treat arthritis, physiotherapy and medication use are prescribed and in the most severe cases surgery may be performed. In addition an orthopaedist may recommend the performance of specific tests so as to identify the type of arthritis and this will help in getting the specific type of treatment.

2. Gout

Gout is a type of inflammatory disease that is caused by excess uric acid in the blood. The uric acid will be accumulated in the joints and this will lead to the appearance of symptoms such as joint pain, swelling and redness in the affected region. In addition, uric acid is usually concentrated mainly on the big toe. For this reason the person may feel a lot of pain when trying to put the feet on the ground or when walking.

What to do: I case you experience the symptoms of gout, it is important to consult with the rheumatologist or a general practitioner so that the right remedies will be prescribed to relive the symptoms of inflammation, high uric acid levels in the blood, which will in turn favour its elimination through urine.

3. Tendinitis

Tendinitis is a type of inflammation of the tendon. The tendon is a structure that connects the muscles to the bones. Tendinitis causes pain, difficulty in moving the affected limb as well as swelling and redness in the affected area. It is most often caused by performing repetitive movements.

What to do: It is advisable that the person remains at rest so as to prevent inflammation and prevent the symptoms from worsening. Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be prescribed and in some cases it may be necessary to perform physiotherapy.

4. Knee twist

Knee torsion can also be another cause of joint pain and it happens due to excessive stretching of the ligaments, sudden movements of the knee or knee knock. It results to symptoms such as severe knee pain, swelling and difficulty in bending the knee.

What to do: When you experience a knee twist, you should stay at rest and put ice in the affected area so as to reduce swelling and inflammation as well as to relieve the symptoms.

5. Epicondylitis

Epicondylitis is a type of inflammation that affects the extensor muscles of tje wrist. It is mainly caused by repetitive exertion, and it is experienced as pain in the elbow which can radiate to the forearm and worsen when opening the door, combing the hair, writing or typing. Apart from these, there may also be decreased strength in the arm or wrist, which make the act of holding a cup much difficult.

What to do: In such cases it is recommended that the person avoids performing repetitive movements and go for physiotherapy to relieve the symptoms. In addition, it may also be recommended to use remedies that will relieve pain and reduce inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.

6. Bursitis

Bursitis is an inflammation of the tissue inside the shoulder joint and the synovial bursa, making it difficult to perform activities that require movements of the shoulder. In addition, the person may also experience weakness throughout the affected arm, a tingling sensation and difficulty in lifting the arm above the head. This is because movement of the shoulder is limited.

What to do: In case of bursitis, it is advisable to go for physiotherapy which will be done to prevent the joint from getting stuck and it will also ensure that one will be able to perform various movements without much difficulty. Aside from this, the doctor may also prescibe use of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Diclofenac, Tilatil and Celestone for about 7 to 14 days to relieve the symptoms.

7. Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease is caused by the action of the immune system against the body itself. It results to swelling and inflammation of the joints, difficulty moving the joint, decreased local strength and pain that worsens soon after waking up.

What to do: The person should follow treatment as prescribed by the rheumatologist. It usually involves using remedies to relieve pain and reduce swelling. In addition, it is also important that the person does physical therapy which will promote their well-being and reduce stiffness of the joints.

8. Infection

Infection by viruses that cause dengue, Zika and Chikungunya can also result in inflammations of various joints in the body. It leads to a sensation of pain throughout the body. Apart from joint pain, other symptoms may also arise depending on the type of virus, such as fever, tiredness, pain around the eyes, loss off appetite and malaise.

What to do: If the symptoms of these infections are suspected, it is recommended not to take any medication, most especially salicylic acetyl acid. This is because, it increases the risk of bleeding. Therefore, one should immediately go to the nearest hospital as it is mandatory to treat these diseases. Treatment prescribed the doctor normally consists of rest, hydration and use of medication that will relieve the symptoms. However, in case there is still no improvement even after taking the medication prescribed by the doctor, it is advisable to return to the hospital for further tests so as to prevent development of other complications.

Remedies for joint pain

If the joint pain takes more than 7 days before it is completely treated, it may be necessary to take other remedies such as analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs such as Dipyrone and Ibuprofen, but only under medical guidance. Ointments such as diclofenac can also be used to relive the pain and facilitate movements. Nevertheless, one should go to the doctor who will identify the root cause of the joint pain and perform tests which will determine the appropriate treatment to be taken.

Placing a cold pouch on the joint to relieve symptoms as a method to complement the treatment is also advisable. It is also important to go for physiotherapy sessions at least 3 times a week or perform low-impact physical exercises, such as Pilates or water aerobics.

How to avoid joint pain

Joint pain can best be avoided by regularly practicing low-impact exercises such as walking, cycling or swimming. It is also recommended to be in the ideal weight especially after the age of 50. Eating more fish and sea food that contain substances that help in regeneration of joints and decrease inflammation is also recommended.


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