Peyronie’s disease causes a change in the penis and it results in growth of hard fibrosis plaques on the one side of the penis, causing an abdominal curvature of the penis. This hinders erection and sexual intercourse.
This condition arises throughout one’s life and it should not be confused with the congenital curved penis which is usually noticed at birth and is diagnosed during adolescence.
Peyronie’s disease can be cured through surgery by removal of the fibrosis plaque. However, in some cases it may not be possible to inject the penis directly on the plates so as to reduce the alteration, especially if the disease began in less than 12 months.
The most common symptoms of Peyronie’s disease include:
- Abnormal curvature of the penis during the erect
- Presence of lump in the body of the penis
- Difficulty in penetration
Some men may also experience depressive symptoms such as sadness, irritability and lack of sexual desire, due to the changes in their sexual organ.
The diagnosis of Peyronie’s disease is done by a urologist through palpation and observation of the penis, radiography or ultrasound to verify the presence of the fibrosis plaque.
What causes Peyronie’s Disease
The disease does not yet have a specific cause. However, it may be brought about after a minor trauma during intercourse or during exercises such as sports which may lead to the appearance of inflammatory process in the penis, that will n turn result to formation of fibrosis plaques.
These plaques accumulate in the penis and cause hardening and changing of shape.
How treatment is done
Treatment of Peyronie’s disease is not always necessary, because the fibrosis plaques may disappear after a few months or may only cause a slight change that will have no impact in the man’s life. However, when the disease persists or causes a lot of discomfort, some injections may be necessary, such as Potaba, Colchiina or Betamethasone, which will aid in the destruction of the fibrosis plaques.
Treatment with vitamin E either n form of tablets or ointment may also be prescribed when the symptoms arose less than 12 months ago. This will help to degrade the fibrosis plaques and decrease the curvature of the penis.
In the most severe cases, surgery might be the only best option. This is because it will involve removal of all the fibrosis plaques and correct the curvature of the penis. In this type of surgery, the penis may shorten 1 to 2 cm.