Prostate cancer diagnosis


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Statistics shows that after the age of 40, out of 1000 surveyed men, 214 are diagnosed with prostate cancer. This malignant formation is a threat not only to the sexual function but also to the life of a man.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

  • Pain and burning when urinating and after it
  • Intermittent urination
  • Frequent urges to urinate
  • Pain in the groin area
  • Impotence

The real causes of the cancer have not yet been identified but scientists have established a clear link between the disease and the following factors:

  • If you are a man aged over 40
  • Hereditary predisposition (the family had previously had prostate disease)
  • Lifestyle – Minimal physical activities
  • Poor nutrition (predominance in diet: meat and animal fats)

If the disease is identified in the early stages, when the cancer is still isolated, the survival rate for 10 years is 95-100%. Early diagnosis will save the life of a man. The death rates are due to inattention to health by men and inability to access high-tech diagnostics.

Any man can undergo a prostate examination on an MRI machine any time. The examination usually takes about 40 minutes. There are no preparations required except having a weak filled bladder prior to the examination. It is advisable that you do not urinate 1.5-2 hours before the study.

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The study is recommended:

  • Men after the age of 40.
  • Men who have previously been diagnosed with prostate cancer.
  • Men whose working conditions are associated with sedentary lifestyles, stresses and poor nutrition.
  • Patients with suspected prostate cancer according to PSA, and TRUSI.
  • Patients to clarify the localization of suspicious hearths before conducting a targeted biopsy and brachytherapy.
  • In the dynamic observation of patients with the presence of suspicious pockets of prostate cancer according to MRI data, which for one reason or another is not allowed to perform a biopsy.
  • Patients after radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy with suspected local cancer recurrence.
  • Patients with a verified cancer diagnosis to clarify the spread of the tumour process.
  • Dynamic observation of patients against the background of hormone therapy or other non-surgical treatments.

The examination usually focuses on the prostate gland by orienting the scans equally perpendicular to the axis of the gland, which will compare the MR signal of the hearth on all sequences.

In differential diagnosis of the scar, inflammatory and tumour changes, it is important that the hearth is equally scanned on all sequences. This allows provision of an accurate assessment so as to avoid unnecessary biopsies or conversely orient the doctor conducting the biopsy on a suspicious hearth.

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Cornelius A.

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