Treatment remedies for vermins is done in a single dose but regimens of 3, 5 or more days may also be prescribed. This may vary depending on the type of medicine or the worm to be fought.
Remedies for vermins should always be taken according to the doctor’s prescription after vermin stool tests are carried out or when the infection is suspected from symptoms such as excessive hunger, marked wight loss or changes in intestinal transit.
Albendazole is a widely used medicine in fighting intestinal parasitosis such as Askaryodiaisis, Trichocephaliase, Enterobiaisis (oxyuriaisis), Hookenstomy, Strongyloidiaisis, Teniasis and Giardiaisis. It acts by degenerating the structures of the cells and tissues of the vermin and protozoa, causing death of these parasites.
How to use: According to the package leaflet, the dose of Albendazole is 400mg for a single dose for treatment of adults and children over 2 years. However, a physician may direct the use for a longer period such as for 3 days in cases of Strongyloidiasis and Teniasis or for days in cases of Giardiasis.
The most common side effects include abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hives and high levels of some liver enzymes.
This treatment is use for treatment of many types of worms as it destroys the functions of the cells responsible for energy of the parasites hence causing death of the warms that cause disease such as Enterobiasis (oxiuriaisis), Askaryodiasis, Trichocephaly, Echinococcosis, Ancilostomy and Teniaisis.
How to use: The recommended dose is 100mg, 2 times a day for 3 days depending on the package leaflet and according to the doctor’s prescription, for adults and children over 2 years.
Most common side effects: Headache, dizziness, hair loss, abdominal discomfort, fever, redness in the skin, changes in blood cells and increased levels of liver enzymes.
Also known by its trade name Annita, this medicine is one of the most efficient in combating various types of worms and protozoa as it acts by inhibiting the enzymes of the cells indispensible of the life of the parasites. Among them include Enterobiasis (oxyorrhiasis), Ascaridiasis, Strongyloidiasis, Ancilostomy, Trichocephaliasis, Teniasis and Hyenolepine, Amebiasis, Giardiasis, Cripstosporidiasis, Blastocytomy, Balantidiasis and Isosporiase.
How to use: Its dose is usually 500mg every 12 hours for 3 days. The dosage in children over 1 year is 0.375 ml (7.5 mg) oral solution per kg of weight, every 12 hours, for 3 days, as stated in the package leaflet, or following the doctor’s prescription.
Most common side effects: Greenish colored urine, abdominal pain, diarrhea, seasickness, vomiting, headache, increased levels of liver enzymes and anemia.
This is a useful vermifuge for the treatment of Askaryose and Enterobiasis (oxyucariasis). It acts by blocking the muscle response of the vermins, causing paralysis so that they can be eliminated while they are still alive in the body.
How to use: The recommended dosage for this medicine is prescribed by a doctor. According to the package leaflet, to treat Enterobiasis is 65 mg per kg of weight, per day, for 7 days, for adults and children. In the case of Ascaridiasis, the dose is 3.5 g for 2 days for adults and 75 mg per kg of weight for 2 days for children.
Most common side effects: Feeling sick, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, redness, hives and dizziness.
This is an anti-parasitic drug that acts by paralyzing the vermins, which are expelled while still alive by intestinal movements. It is useful in fighting infections such as Hookworm, Askaryosis and Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis).
How to use: The recommended dosage according to the medicine leaflet is 11mg per kg of weight, with a maximum dose of 1g, in a single dose for adults and children. Treatment can be repeated after two weeks to ensure treatment of Enterobiasis.
Most common side effects: Lack of appetite, cramps and abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness and headache.
Ivermectin is very useful for the treatment of lice larvae that cause Strongyloidyasis, Oncocercosis, Filariosis, Scabies and Pediculosis. It kills these parasites by altering the structure of their muscle and nerve cells.
How to use: The recommended dose according to the package leaflet is 200mg per kg of weight, once a day or according to the doctor’s prescription, for adults and children over 15kg in weight.
Most common side effects: Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, weakness, abdominal pain, lack of appetite, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, tremor, hives.
This is also a useful medicine in elimination of larvae and it is used to treat Strongyloidiasis, Cutaneous Larva migrans and Visceral Larva migrans (toxocariasis), by inhibiting the enzymes of the cells of the worms, causing their death.
How to use: The recommended dose may vary according to the doctor’s prescription but is usually dose-oriented 50 mg for each kg of weight (maximum 3 g), single dose, for adults and children. Several days of treatment may be required to eliminate visceral Larva migrans.
Most common side effects: Feeling sick, vomiting, drymouth, diarrhea, weight loss, stomach pain, abdominal pain, tiredness and dizziness.
Secnidazole is a drug that interferes with the DNA of protozoa hence causing their death and it is widely used in the treatment of Amebiasis and Giardiasis.
How to use: The recommended dose of this drug is 2g, single dose for adults according to the doctor’s prescription. For children, the dose is 30 mg per kg of weight, without exceeding the maximum dose of 2 g. This remedy should be ingested with a little liquid, preferably after dinner.
Most common side effects: Feeling sick, stomach pain, altered taste, metallic taste, inflammation of the tongue and mucous membrane of the mouth, decrease in the number of white blood cells, dizziness.
This is a useful antibiotic for various types of bacteria but it has an excellent action against protozoa that cause intestinal diseases such as Amebiasis and Giardiasis. It acts by interfering with the DNA of bacteria and protozoa hence causing their death. In addition, it is also widely used for other types of protozoan infections, such as vaginal infections by Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomoniasis.
How to use: The recommended dose to treat Giardiasis according to the package leaflet is 250 mg, 3 times a day, for 5 days,while to treat Amebiasis, it is recommended to take 500 mg, 4 times a day, for 5 days to 10 days, as prescribed by the doctor.
Most common side effects: Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oral mucositis, changes in taste such as metallic taste, dizziness, headache, hives.
This is an anti-parasitic that serves to treat infections such as Schistosomes, Teniasis and Cysticercosis. It acts by causing worm paralysis, which is then killed by action of immunity in the body.
How to use: To treat Schistosomes, adults and children over 4 years are oriented to 2 to 3 doses of 20mg per kg weight in a single day. To treat Teniasis, it is recommended to take 5 to 10 mg per kg of weight, in a single dose and for Cysticercosis, 50 mg/kg per day, divided into 3 daily doses, for 14 days, according to the package leaflet of the drug.
Most common side effects: Abdominal pain, seasickness, vomiting, headache, dizziness, weakness and hives.
The dose and the amount of days to use the aformentioned drugs may vary dependng on the prescription and the particularities in the treatment of each person. Such as in the existance of impared immunity for people living with AIDS or if the infection by vermins is more severe as it happens in cases of hyperinfection or infections of organs outside the intestine.
Who should not use remedies for vermin?
Remedies for vermins should not be used by children under two years, pregnant women and breastfeeding women, except under medical guidance. One should carefully read the package leaflet of the medicine because each remedy may have different contraindications.
Homemade options for vermin
There are other natural remedies that can be used to help fight the vermins but they should never replace the treatment prescribed by the doctor as they are only complementary options.
Some examples include eating pumpkin seeds, papaya seeds or having peppermint drink. However, there are no scientific proofs to justify the effectiveness of these home remedies. Check out information on home remedies options for vermins.
How to avoid becoming infected again
The vermins can always be found in untreated water, on the floor and even in food that has not been properly washed. Therefore, follow these tips to prevent infection by vermins:
- Keep hands sanitized, washing them with soap and water, after using toilets or public places
- Avoid nail-biting
- Avoid walking barefoot, especially on dirt and mud
- Do not drink water that is not properly filtered or boiled
- Wash and sanitize salads and fruits before eating