Chills is one of the body’s mechanisms to generate heat when it feels cold by causing contractions and involuntary relaxations of the muscles throughout the body.
However, chills may also be a sign of infection and are usually associated with fever, causing episodes of tremors with pallor and feeling of coldness. They can also be due to feeling cold or due to fever, flu, cold, viral or bacterial infections, inflammation in the throat, mononucleosis, pneumonia, meningitis or pyelonephritis.
The main causes of chills include:
Increased body temperature can cause chills throughout the body. Fever can be emotional and in this case it mainly affects children and the elderly who experience difficulties. It is usually a sign that the body is fighting an infection or that the person is overclothing.
What to do: One should take a slightly warm bath and avoid staying in warm places or under the blanket. The fever can also be lowered by taking tea prepared with raspberry leaves. It may also be recommended to take Dipirona or Paracetamol then go for a medical consultation to find out what is causing the fever with chills.
2. Cold and flu
Staying in a cold place with strong air conditioning and inappropriate clothing can also cold a feeling of cold and chills but this sensation can also be a sign of flu. Other symptoms that help identify influenza are cough, sneezing, phlegm, nasal secretion, chest pain and difficulty breathing. If the symptoms associated with high fever persist, it may be a sign of a more severe respiratory infection, such as pneumonia. One should therefore go to the doctor to take the most effective medication.
What to do: When you are cold it is advisable to try and wrap yourself and measuring your temperature is also a prudent attitude. In the case of strong flu, one can purchase remedies from the pharmacy to relieve the symptoms. It is also necessary to rest and ingest more water so that you can recover faster. If the pneumonia is proven positive, antibiotics should be taken as prescribed by the doctor.
3. Throat infection
Sore throat is due to the presence of small white or yellowish dots in the throat that may also be a sign of tonsillitis; which can also cause chills, fever and feeling unwell.
What to do: Garnish your throat with warm water and salt as this helps clear the throat by eliminating microrganisms. If symptomps persist, one should go to the doctor for an evaluation because it may be necessary to take antibiotics.
4. Urinary Tract Infection
In the case of urinary tract infection, symptoms such as pain or burning when urinating may be experienced in addition to cloudy urine or with lumps. Other symptoms such as malaise, headache and high fever with chills may indicate worsening of the situation and that bacteria may have developed and affected the kidneys, characterizing pyelonephritis.
What to do: One should go to the doctor as it is necessary to take antibiotics for 7 to 14 days. Ingesting more water and craning juice is also a good natural strategy to complement the treatment.
Decreased blood sugar levels can affect anyone but it frequently occurs in people with diabetes. Other symptoms that may be present as a sign of hypoglycaemia are cold sweat, feeling dizzy, chills and malaise. Usually, the decrease in energy occurs when the person goes more than 3 hours without eating anything or when the diabetics take their medications but they do not eat correctly.
What to do: One should increase the blood sugar by ingesting a source of carbohydrate which maybe sucking a bullet or taking a glass of natural orange juice and eating 1 toast with butter. It is not recommended to eat chocolate, pudding or other foods that are too sweet so as not to get out of control with diabetes.
6. Changes in the prostate
Men with an inflamed prostate may experience symptoms such as pain when urinating, decreased jet urine, back pain, chills, and pain in the testicles.
What to do: One should visit a urologist for consultation so that tests that indicate an alteration in the prostate may be performed; then appropriate treatment can be started which may involve taking medications or surgery, in the most severe cases.
Hypothyroidism, which is decreased thyroid function can cause symptoms such as lack of disposition, tiredness, chills, difficulty concentrating, memory failure and weight gain.
What to do: One should go for consultation with a general practitioner or endocrinologist who will investigate the symptoms, perform blood tests that measure TSH, T3 and T4, and thyroid ultrasound. These will be helpful in identifying the nodules that interfere with the functioning of this gland. Aside from taking the medicines as prescribed by the doctor, one can also eat 1 brazil nut per day.
In addition to these causes, there are also other numerous diseases that can cause chills hence it will always important to seek medical attention to identify the cause of the symptom and how the treatment should be done.
When to go to the doctor
If the chills persist for more than a day, one should visit the doctor as it may be related to other diseases that require specific treatment.