Visiting the doctor on a regular basis assists in maintenance of health and avoiding serious conditions. Most women often ignore the health of men but comprehensive check-up for men is very important.
What is a check-up?
Check-up is a complete comprehensive examination of the body. It includes consultation with a therapist, performance of biomaterial tests, ultrasound of vital organs, MRI and many other examinations.
Such checks do not only act as a preventive measure but they also determine the prevalence of a disease. They are usually done before beginning a family or to fully determine the nature of a disease.
Risk factors in the male body
The health of many people is influenced by ecology and lifestyle. Men are most likely to adopt bad habits as they work in harmful industries and in most cases they are not vigilant about the safety of equipment. All these can result to lung, heart, liver and thyroid diseases.
If a man lives an active lifestyle and performs physical activity, the joints and circulatory system may be damaged. After a man is beyond 30 years of age, the risk of heart attack is increased.
However, those who do not engage in sports activities and lead a sedentary lifestyle do not have a better life. Lack of exercising and consuming unhealthy food can increase the chances of being obese, which negatively affects the working of the heart and blood vessels. As a result of this there may be development of type II diabetes and atherosclerosis.
While you are still young, it is ideal that you regularly go for check up of sexually transmitted diseases. Most conditions that are sexually transmitted are usually asymptomatic such as azoopermia that will only be detected after unsuccessful attempts to get a child.
Moreover, we are all exposed to the same risks of oncology, injuries and age-related changes in the nervous system. This also helps in monitoring the check-up.
What’s in the men’s check-up?
You have to first speak to a therapist and if there is any underlying condition that you know of, ensure you notify the therapist. He will give advise on the tests you have to pay attention to during the check-up.
The examination includes a number of analyses:
- General blood test: This is where by a basic test that will show the general state of the body. It can determine the presence of inflammation, anaemia, hidden blood loss in the internal organs and malignant processes of the cardiovascular system.
- General urine analysis: This will be able to tell the presence of pathology in the kidneys, intestines, impaired metabolism. And biochemical analysis will be able to name a specific disease: cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis, diabetes, kidney infarction and others.
- Biochemical blood test: It gives more complete data and functioning of the internal organs such as liver, kidneys, pancreas.
- Lipidogram: It identifies disruption of fat metabolism and the risk of atherosclerosis.
- HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B.
- Analysis for thyroid hormone: It will indicate deviation from the norm in the working of the thyroid gland.
You will also need to undergo an ultrasound that will show any pathological changes in the functioning of internal organs as well as the structure of the body:
- Ultrasound of abdominal organs (liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas)
- Ultrasound of the kidneys and adrenal glands
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs
- Ultrasound of the external genitalia
- An ultrasound of the thyroid gland
You will also undergo an ECG test that will show the main abnormalities in the heart, if there are any. These may be heart failure, arrhythmia, inflammation and even heart attack. A CT scan of the lungs will also be performed to check for lung cancer and tuberculosis.
Differences in body testing depending on age
Men under the age of 40 undergo basic mandatory check-ups. This is because young men are not yet prone to age-related diseases as they have a healthier body. However, in adulthood, there are risks of having a damaged heart and the arteries that are next to it. The probability of getting cancer is increased and hormone levels begin to change. Thus you should check:
- Testosterone levels, which is the main male hormone that affects physique, behaviour, sexual activity and protein-fat metabolism.
- Cancer markers because with age increases the chance of cancer.
- HHeart and brachycephalic arteries using ultrasound to check the risk of heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis.
Check u for men under the age of 40 should be done on a regular basis because the risks of heart, liver and rectum diseases are increased.
What else do you need to know about body testing?
Preparation for these tests and ultrasound should be done a day before by avoiding consumption of heavy foods, alcoholic drinks and also not to engage in sports activities. You should be examined on an empty stomach and if it is in the evening, you should stay at least 8 hours without taking any food prior to the tests.
Before undergoing urine and faeces analysis, ensure that you maintain high standards of hygiene, otherwise the results may be wrong. Before taking an abdominal ultrasound, the stomach should ne empty.
Depending on the results of the tests, the therapist will provide an extensive consultation with recommendations for further examinations. If there is need , he may also give advise on sleep and rest, nutrition and exercise. The consultation should be done online so that the patient is more comfortable.
Body check-up should be done at least once a year.
Just because you are always healthy doesn’t mean your body is fine. Most diseases are usually asymptomatic until when they in there later stages. Therefore, in order to detect the pathology at early stage, it is important that you regularly go for check up. Always have in mind that most diseases are properly and successfully treated when they are in the early stages. It is thus important to detect them early before they cause other serious complications.