Ovular detachment is scientifically known as subcorionic or retrocorionic hematoma. It usually happens during the first trimester of pregnancy and it is characterized by the accumulation of blood between the placenta and the uterus due to the detachment of a fertilized egg from the wall of a uterus.
This situation can be identified using an abdominal ultrasound after excessive bleeding and cramping. The diagnosis should be made as soon as possible to prevent complications such as premature birth and abortion.
Symptoms of ovulate detachment
Ovular detachment does not usually come with any signs and symptoms as the hematoma formed is absorbed by the body throughout the pregnancy and it can only be identified and monitored during an ultrasound.
However, in some cases, ovular detachment can be accompanied by symptoms such as abdominal pain, excessive bleeding and abdominal cramps. It is, therefore, important that the woman immediately goes to the hospital for an ultrasound so as to evaluate the need to start the appropriate treatment, thus preventing complications.
In mild cases of ovular detachment, the hematoma usually disappears naturally by the 2nd trimester of pregnancy as it is absorbed by the pregnant woman’s body. But, the larger the hematoma, the higher the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery and placental detachment.
Ovulate detachment does not have well defined causes however it is believed to be brought about due to excess physical activity or common hormonal changes during pregnancy.
The woman should therefore have some care during the first trimester of pregnancy to avoid ovular detachment and its complications.
What should be the treatment?
Treatment for ovular detachment should be initiated as soon as possible so as to avoid other serious complications such as miscarriage or placental detachment. Generally, ovular detachment decreases and disappears with rest, ingestion of about 2 litres of water per day, restriction of intimate contact and ingestion of hormonal remedy with progesterone, known as Utrogestan.
However, during treatment, the doctor may recommend other forms of care that the pregnant woman should have so that the hematoma does not increase, and they include:
- Avoid having intimate contact;
- Do not stand too long, sit down preferably or lie down with raised legs.
- Avoid making efforts, such as cleaning the house and taking care of children.
In the most severe cases, the doctor may also indicate absolute rest, it may be necessary for the pregnant woman to be hospitalized to ensure her proper health and that of the baby.